• Image: 1506524967249icn-topic-banking.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Banking and Finance
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab banking sector continues to contribute significantly to the growth of Arab economies. The consolidated assets of the Arab banking sector amounted to around USD 3.4 trillion by mid- 2018, making up about 140 percent of the region’s GDP. While the total deposits of the Arab banking sector amounted to USD 2.1 trillion – the equivalent of 87 percent of the size of the Arab economy.
    Banks Interest rate spread
    Palestine - 2018
    Account ownership at a financial institution or with a mobile-money-service provider, male, percent of population ages 15+
    Lebanon - 2017
    Private sector credits
    Mauritania - 2016

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  • Image: 1506524938252icn-topic-demography.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Demography
  • X
    International
    National
    The population in the Arab countries has been increasing over the past decades. The Arab region is currently home to 436.4 million inhabitants, growing from 222.7 million in 1990. Today, the Arab population represents .6 percent of the world population with 80 percent of the region’s population being concentrated in eight countries: Egypt, Algeria, Sudan, Iraq, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Syria. The population in the Arab Region is relatively young, with adolescents and youth aged 10 to 24 years representing a quarter of the total population
    Old-age dependency ratio
    Djibouti - 2021
    Refugees, by country of residence, percent of population
    Palestine - 2020
    Population, age group 0-14
    Comoros - 2003

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  • Image: 1506524980818icn-topic-education.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Education
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region has registered a remarkable trend of growing gains in educational attainment and more equitable access to formal education since the beginning of the millennium. School enrolment and literacy rates in the region have increased, with impressive progress towards gender parity in enrolment. Yet, with political instability and humanitarian crisis starting 2011, access to education has been a challenge and the quality of education has negatively affected youth.
    Proportion of children under 5 years of age who are developmentally on track in health, learning and psychosocial well-being
    Iraq - 2018
    Proportion of students in Grade 2 or 3 achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in reading, rural areas
    Bahrain - 2016
    Percentage of teachers in pre-university education stages, high school, female
    Egypt - 2019

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  • Image: 1506525008581ENERGY.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Energy
  • X
    International
    National
    The energy sector, which consists of all the activities involved in the production, transformation and sale of energy, including the petroleum, gas, electricity, coal, nuclear power, and renewable energy industries, is one of the main drivers of socio-economic development. In other words, hydrocarbon resources play an important role in the development and economic growth of countries with large reserves of oil and gas, alongside the rising importance of renewable sources and the increasing efforts to implement the Paris Agreement.
    Renewable energy consumption, percent of total final energy consumption
    Djibouti - 2015
    Total fossil fuel subsidy, percent of GDP
    Oman - 2014
    Total fossil fuel subsidy, percent of GDP
    United Arab Emirates - 2019

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  • Image: 1506530417292environement.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Environment
  • X
    International
    National
    The quality of the environment is the basis for socio-economic development. The environment state in the Arab region has been facing critical challenges, as it remains among those most affected by the repercussions of climate change, particularly sea level rise and drought, which also have dire consequences on food security. While certain countries have witnessed progress, others, mainly countries facing political unrest and instability, face critical environmental threats in terms of water management, desertification, air pollution, and biodiversity loss.
    Humidity, annual average
    Djibouti - 2018
    Proportion of forest area within legally established protected areas
    Mauritania - 2020
    Proportion of transboundary river and lake basins with an operational arrangement for water cooperation
    Iraq - 2020

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  • Image: 1506524824865icn-topic-gender.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Gender
  • X
    International
    National
    Women in the Arab region make up almost half of the total population. However, and despite the improvements, a deep gender gap continues to hold back the region. Aside from the life expectancy and education attainment, men outpace women in nearly all human development sectors, including labor market participation, political participation, economic empowerment, and access to justice.
    Proportion of elected seats held by women in deliberative bodies of local government
    Oman - 2018
    Proportion of seats held by men in municipal councils
    Comoros - 2020
    Seats held by women in national parliaments, deputies
    Comoros - 2020

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  • Image: 1552483726704icn-topic-governance.svgImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Governance
  • X
    International
    National
    The mechanisms, processes and institutions through which resources are managed and delivered largely affect the outcome of national sustainable development plans at many levels. It is difficult to offer an overall assessment of the status of good governance for the Arab region, but different measurement initiatives by various credible institutions contribute to shedding light on economic and corporate governance.
    Percentage of firms expected to give gifts to get an operating license
    Egypt - 2020
    State efforts to combat corruption are a little effective or ineffective
    Tunisia - 2014
    Bribery incidence, percentage of firms experiencing at least one bribe payment request
    Palestine - 2019

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  • Image: 1506525038299icn-topic-health.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Health
  • X
    International
    National
    Health is one of the main pillars of development. Societies that suffer from diseases and epidemics cannot progress far in the development process. Better health contributes to well-being, sustainable development and economic growth. While the third goal of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) explicitly focuses on health, there are at least 5 other goals that are health-related.
    The Arab region has achieved remarkable improvement in the health sector as a result of technological innovations and human ingenuity. For instance, life expectancy increased from 47 years in 1960 to 72 years in 2019, compared to a worldwide average life expectancy rising from 50 years in 1960 to 73 years during the same period. Furthermore, under-five mortality rate in the Arab region has significantly decreased from an average of 81.2 per 1000 live births in 1990 to 37 per 1000 in 2017.
    International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity by type of IHR capacity, IHR09
    Djibouti - 2017
    International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity by type of IHR capacity, SPAR11
    Libya - 2019
    International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity by type of IHR capacity, IHR12
    Oman - 2017

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  • Image: 1548144655159icn-topic-ICT.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    I C T
  • X
    International
    National
    Information and communications technology is considered a key enabler of economic and social development. Research estimates that during the last seven years (2010-2017), fixed broadband has had a significant impact on the world economy; an increase of 1 percent in fixed broadband penetration yields an increase in 0.08 percent in GDP. Mobile broadband has even proved to have a higher impact; an increase of 1 percent in mobile broadband penetration yields an increase in 0.15 percent in GDP
    Enrolment in programmes offering internet-assisted instruction (IAI), primary, female
    Egypt - 2012
    Trust in Government websites and apps
    United Arab Emirates - 2019
    Proportion of businesses using the Internet for getting information from general government organizations, Human health and social work activities
    Qatar - 2015

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  • Image: 1548154692708icn-topic-labor-new.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Labor and Employment
  • X
    International
    National
    Demographic trends and natural resources have long affected the Arab region’s labor market. With the protracted conflicts that hit the region since 2011, major repercussions have been witnessed in several Arab countries, such as Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, Somalia, Palestine and Lebanon. Recently, more emergent challenges are facing the Arab region resulting from the fluctuating oil prices and Coronavirus outbreak along with different structural challenges in the economies. Despite the widening disparities, the Arab countries continue to share common labor market features and face similar challenges. The challenges that mark the labor market are in general related to low labor force participation, especially among women, high unemployment rates, especially among youth, large but decreasing shares of public sector employment, and high prevalence of informal employment. 
    Unemployment rate by education, basic, age group 15+
    United Arab Emirates - 2018
    Employment distribution by education, tertiary
    Tunisia - 2014
    Unemployment distribution by education, nationals, bachelor and above
    Jordan - 2018

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  • Image: 1506525083855icn-topic-macroeconomy.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Macroeconomy
  • X
    International
    National
    Macroeconomic performance across the Arab countries tend to diverge between major oil exporting countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and other countries in the region, especially those inflicted by conflict. In recent years, heightened social unrest, political uncertainty and violent armed conflicts have contributed to a pronounced deterioration in the macroeconomic performance in a handful of countries including Syria, Iraq, Somalia, Yemen, Libya, Sudan and Palestine, and given that almost 29 million people, equivalent to 7.1 percent of the population, being forcibly displaced in 2017. With the oil price shock in 2014, several countries have had to take measures to maintain fiscal budgets under control, privatize national assets and facilitate private sector development away from the oil industry. However, despite recent modest growth, fiscal deficits are slowly declining, leading to a sharp increase in government debts.
    Gross domestic savings, percentage of GDP
    Egypt - 2019
    Total current expenditures, percentage of GDP
    Palestine - 2016
    Total value added, industry: mining, manufacturing, utilities, as percentage of GDP
    United Arab Emirates - 2018

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  • Image: 1506524894918icn-topic-poverty.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Poverty
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region witnessed an improvement in its Human Development Index (HDI), from 0.613 in 2000 to 0.699 in 2017, but it remained below the world average of 0.728. Despite this positive overall trend in human development, poverty remains one of the paramount challenges and major impediments to inclusive development in the region, and that’s why “Ending poverty in all its forms everywhere” was considered a top priority in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
    Direct economic loss attributed to disasters relative to GDP
    Syria - 2009
    Extreme poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line, as a percentage of the population
    Jordan - 2010
    Extreme poverty rate, according to household monthly consumption
    Palestine - 2017

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  • Image: 1506525107454icn-topic-trade.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Trade
  • X
    International
    National
    Arab countries’ total share of world exports has doubled since 2000, reaching 7% in 2014. Fuel exports, representing the vast majority of exports in the oil-producing countries, amounted to 73% of the region’s merchandise in 2015. When excluding fuel, the Arab region’s non-oil exports made up 2% of the world exports in 2013 up from 1% in 2000.
    Outbond tourism expenditure, as percentage of exports of goods
    Saudi Arabia - 2018
    Inbound tourism expenditure, as percentage of exports of account credits
    Palestine - 2018
    Inbound tourism expenditure, as percentage of exports of account credits
    Lebanon - 2018

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  • Image: 1506525121739icn-topic-water-security.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Water and Food Security
  • X
    International
    National
    In most Arab countries, water has become a critical natural resource. Most countries in the region are classified as arid or semiarid or, receiving less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Renewable water resources per inhabitant reached 736 m3 in 2014, compared to a world average of about 6,000 m3 per inhabitant, placing 13 out of 22 Arab countries in the category of severe water scarcity at less than 500 m3 per capita.
    Prevalence of undernourishment, 3-year average
    Oman - 2018
    Food imports, percentage of total merchandise exports, 3-year average
    Tunisia - 2016
    Prevalence of undernourishment, 3-year average
    Algeria - 2018

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  • Image: 1566278091424Icon Youth white-01.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Youth
  • X
    International
    National
    Adolescents and youth (10-24 years old) in the Arab region currently account for nearly third of the total population. They are the agents of change, who have the potential to build a more prosperous and resilient future for themselves and their communities. Unleashing this potential requires urgent and significant investments to create opportunities for meaningful learning, social engagement and work opportunities, all of which are currently limited, especially for adolescents and youth, including young women, refugees and persons with special needs.
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 15-19
    United Arab Emirates - 2017
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 20-25
    United Arab Emirates - 2017
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 25-30
    United Arab Emirates - 2017

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