• Image: 1506524967249icn-topic-banking.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Banking and Finance
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab banking sector continues to contribute significantly to the growth of Arab economies. The consolidated assets of the Arab banking sector amounted to around USD 3.4 trillion by mid- 2018, making up about 140 percent of the region’s GDP. While the total deposits of the Arab banking sector amounted to USD 2.1 trillion – the equivalent of 87 percent of the size of the Arab economy.
    Stock market turnover ratio
    Bahrain - 2017
    Banks Lending interest rate
    Qatar - 2019
    Non-life insurance premium to GDP
    Saudi Arabia - 2017

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  • Image: 1506524938252icn-topic-demography.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Demography
  • X
    International
    National
    The population in the Arab countries has been increasing over the past decades. The Arab region is currently home to 436.4 million inhabitants, growing from 222.7 million in 1990. Today, the Arab population represents .6 percent of the world population with 80 percent of the region’s population being concentrated in eight countries: Egypt, Algeria, Sudan, Iraq, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Syria. The population in the Arab Region is relatively young, with adolescents and youth aged 10 to 24 years representing a quarter of the total population
    Completeness of birth registration, urban
    Iraq - 2011
    Urban population growth, five years
    Palestine - 2015
    Urbanization rate, five years
    Qatar - 2015

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  • Image: 1506524980818icn-topic-education.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Education
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region has registered a remarkable trend of growing gains in educational attainment and more equitable access to formal education since the beginning of the millennium. School enrolment and literacy rates in the region have increased, with impressive progress towards gender parity in enrolment. Yet, with political instability and humanitarian crisis starting 2011, access to education has been a challenge and the quality of education has negatively affected youth.
    Percentage of teachers with intermediate and above intermediate non-pedagogical qualifications, preparatory, male, public
    Egypt - 2015
    Proportion of students in Grade 2 or 3 achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics, very affluent socioeconomic background
    Morocco - 2015
    Proportion of schools with access to basic drinking water
    Oman - 2016

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  • Image: 1506525008581ENERGY.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Energy
  • X
    International
    National
    The energy sector, which consists of all the activities involved in the production, transformation and sale of energy, including the petroleum, gas, electricity, coal, nuclear power, and renewable energy industries, is one of the main drivers of socio-economic development. In other words, hydrocarbon resources play an important role in the development and economic growth of countries with large reserves of oil and gas, alongside the rising importance of renewable sources and the increasing efforts to implement the Paris Agreement.
    Renewable electricity output, percent of total electricity output
    Libya - 2015
    Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, percent of population
    Qatar - 2016
    Access to electricity, percent of population
    Algeria - 2018

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  • Image: 1506530417292environement.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Environment
  • X
    International
    National
    The quality of the environment is the basis for socio-economic development. The environment state in the Arab region has been facing critical challenges, as it remains among those most affected by the repercussions of climate change, particularly sea level rise and drought, which also have dire consequences on food security. While certain countries have witnessed progress, others, mainly countries facing political unrest and instability, face critical environmental threats in terms of water management, desertification, air pollution, and biodiversity loss.
    Municipal Solid Waste collection coverage, Tunis
    Tunisia - 2004
    Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area
    Somalia - 2015
    Mountain Green Cover Index
    Algeria - 2017

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  • Image: 1506524824865icn-topic-gender.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Gender
  • X
    International
    National
    Women in the Arab region make up almost half of the total population. However, and despite the improvements, a deep gender gap continues to hold back the region. Aside from the life expectancy and education attainment, men outpace women in nearly all human development sectors, including labor market participation, political participation, economic empowerment, and access to justice.
    Firms with female top manager, percent of firms
    Morocco - 2019
    Women in ministerial level positions
    Kuwait - 2019
    Female share of employment in managerial positions, total management
    Algeria - 2017

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  • Image: 1552483726704icn-topic-governance.svgImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Governance
  • X
    International
    National
    The mechanisms, processes and institutions through which resources are managed and delivered largely affect the outcome of national sustainable development plans at many levels. It is difficult to offer an overall assessment of the status of good governance for the Arab region, but different measurement initiatives by various credible institutions contribute to shedding light on economic and corporate governance.
    Positive public opinion on economic situation during the next few years (3-5 years)
    Saudi Arabia - 2011
    Percentage of people who think that the police is involved in corruption
    Libya - 2013
    Percentage of firms expected to give gifts to get a water connection
    Palestine - 2019

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  • Image: 1506525038299icn-topic-health.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Health
  • X
    International
    National
    Health is one of the main pillars of development. Societies that suffer from diseases and epidemics cannot progress far in the development process. Better health contributes to well-being, sustainable development and economic growth. While the third goal of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) explicitly focuses on health, there are at least 5 other goals that are health-related.
    The Arab region has achieved remarkable improvement in the health sector as a result of technological innovations and human ingenuity. For instance, life expectancy increased from 47 years in 1960 to 72 years in 2019, compared to a worldwide average life expectancy rising from 50 years in 1960 to 73 years during the same period. Furthermore, under-five mortality rate in the Arab region has significantly decreased from an average of 81.2 per 1000 live births in 1990 to 37 per 1000 in 2017.
    Domestic general government health expenditure, percent of GDP
    Sudan - 2017
    International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity by type of IHR capacity, IHR10
    Bahrain - 2017
    International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity by type of IHR capacity, IHR12
    Syria - 2017

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  • Image: 1548144655159icn-topic-ICT.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    I C T
  • X
    International
    National
    Information and communications technology is considered a key enabler of economic and social development. Research estimates that during the last seven years (2010-2017), fixed broadband has had a significant impact on the world economy; an increase of 1 percent in fixed broadband penetration yields an increase in 0.08 percent in GDP. Mobile broadband has even proved to have a higher impact; an increase of 1 percent in mobile broadband penetration yields an increase in 0.15 percent in GDP
    Proportion of businesses using the Internet for delivering products online, large enterprises, 250+ employees
    Egypt - 2016
    Proportion of businesses using the Internet for Internet banking, enterprises, more than 10 employees
    Oman - 2011
    Proportion of businesses with an Intranet, Agriculture, forestry and fishing
    Egypt - 2016

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  • Image: 1548154692708icn-topic-labor-new.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Labor and Employment
  • X
    International
    National
    Demographic trends and natural resources have long affected the Arab region’s labor market. With the protracted conflicts that hit the region since 2011, major repercussions have been witnessed in several Arab countries, such as Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, Somalia, Palestine and Lebanon. Recently, more emergent challenges are facing the Arab region resulting from the fluctuating oil prices and Coronavirus outbreak along with different structural challenges in the economies. Despite the widening disparities, the Arab countries continue to share common labor market features and face similar challenges. The challenges that mark the labor market are in general related to low labor force participation, especially among women, high unemployment rates, especially among youth, large but decreasing shares of public sector employment, and high prevalence of informal employment. 
    Employment distribution, age group 40-44
    Djibouti - 2009
    Employment distribution by education, nationals, illiterate
    Jordan - 2018
    Unemployment rate, age group 50-54
    Yemen - 2014

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  • Image: 1506525083855icn-topic-macroeconomy.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Macroeconomy
  • X
    International
    National
    Macroeconomic performance across the Arab countries tend to diverge between major oil exporting countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and other countries in the region, especially those inflicted by conflict. In recent years, heightened social unrest, political uncertainty and violent armed conflicts have contributed to a pronounced deterioration in the macroeconomic performance in a handful of countries including Syria, Iraq, Somalia, Yemen, Libya, Sudan and Palestine, and given that almost 29 million people, equivalent to 7.1 percent of the population, being forcibly displaced in 2017. With the oil price shock in 2014, several countries have had to take measures to maintain fiscal budgets under control, privatize national assets and facilitate private sector development away from the oil industry. However, despite recent modest growth, fiscal deficits are slowly declining, leading to a sharp increase in government debts.
    Total government revenue as a proportion of GDP, other taxes
    Saudi Arabia - 2017
    Total value added, services: transport, storage and communications, as percentage of GDP
    Tunisia - 2018
    General government primary net lending/borrowing, percentage of GDP
    Jordan - 2020

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  • Image: 1506524894918icn-topic-poverty.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Poverty
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region witnessed an improvement in its Human Development Index (HDI), from 0.613 in 2000 to 0.699 in 2017, but it remained below the world average of 0.728. Despite this positive overall trend in human development, poverty remains one of the paramount challenges and major impediments to inclusive development in the region, and that’s why “Ending poverty in all its forms everywhere” was considered a top priority in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
    Overall loss in HDI due to inequality
    Tunisia - 2019
    Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line, as a percentage of the population
    Yemen - 2016
    Extreme poverty gap at national poverty line
    Yemen - 2005

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  • Image: 1506525107454icn-topic-trade.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Trade
  • X
    International
    National
    Arab countries’ total share of world exports has doubled since 2000, reaching 7% in 2014. Fuel exports, representing the vast majority of exports in the oil-producing countries, amounted to 73% of the region’s merchandise in 2015. When excluding fuel, the Arab region’s non-oil exports made up 2% of the world exports in 2013 up from 1% in 2000.
    Transport services, percentage of commercial service exports
    Sudan - 2018
    Trade in services, percentage of GDP
    Saudi Arabia - 2018
    Inbound tourism expenditure, as percentage of exports of goods
    Qatar - 2018

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  • Image: 1506525121739icn-topic-water-security.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Water and Food Security
  • X
    International
    National
    In most Arab countries, water has become a critical natural resource. Most countries in the region are classified as arid or semiarid or, receiving less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Renewable water resources per inhabitant reached 736 m3 in 2014, compared to a world average of about 6,000 m3 per inhabitant, placing 13 out of 22 Arab countries in the category of severe water scarcity at less than 500 m3 per capita.
    Prevalence of undernourishment, male headed households
    Sudan - 2009
    Food imports, percentage of total merchandise exports, 3-year average
    Morocco - 2016
    Cereal import dependency ratio, 3-year average
    Jordan - 2016

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  • Image: 1566278091424Icon Youth white-01.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Youth
  • X
    International
    National
    Adolescents and youth (10-24 years old) in the Arab region currently account for nearly third of the total population. They are the agents of change, who have the potential to build a more prosperous and resilient future for themselves and their communities. Unleashing this potential requires urgent and significant investments to create opportunities for meaningful learning, social engagement and work opportunities, all of which are currently limited, especially for adolescents and youth, including young women, refugees and persons with special needs.
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 25-30
    United Arab Emirates - 2017
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 20-25
    United Arab Emirates - 2017
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 15-19
    United Arab Emirates - 2017

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