• Image: 1506524967249icn-topic-banking.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Banking and Finance
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab banking sector continues to contribute significantly to the growth of Arab economies. The consolidated assets of the Arab banking sector amounted to around USD 3.4 trillion by mid- 2018, making up about 140 percent of the region’s GDP. While the total deposits of the Arab banking sector amounted to USD 2.1 trillion – the equivalent of 87 percent of the size of the Arab economy.
    Bank cost to income ratio
    Algeria - 2017
    Account at a financial institution, age group 15+, male
    Kuwait - 2017
    Capital to assets for Islamic banks
    Lebanon - 2019

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  • Image: 1506524938252icn-topic-demography.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Demography
  • X
    International
    National
    The population in the Arab countries has been increasing over the past decades. The Arab region is currently home to 436.4 million inhabitants, growing from 222.7 million in 1990. Today, the Arab population represents .6 percent of the world population with 80 percent of the region’s population being concentrated in eight countries: Egypt, Algeria, Sudan, Iraq, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Yemen and Syria. The population in the Arab Region is relatively young, with adolescents and youth aged 10 to 24 years representing a quarter of the total population
    Refugees, by country of residence, percent of population
    Morocco - 2020
    Completeness of birth registration, urban
    Djibouti - 2006
    Urbanization rate, five years
    Mauritania - 2015

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  • Image: 1506524980818icn-topic-education.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Education
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region has registered a remarkable trend of growing gains in educational attainment and more equitable access to formal education since the beginning of the millennium. School enrolment and literacy rates in the region have increased, with impressive progress towards gender parity in enrolment. Yet, with political instability and humanitarian crisis starting 2011, access to education has been a challenge and the quality of education has negatively affected youth.
    Percentage of teachers with intermediate and above intermediate non-pedagogical qualifications, pre-primary, female, public
    Egypt - 2015
    Percentage of teachers with excellent and higher pedagogical qualifications, hoteling high school, male, public
    Egypt - 2015
    Percentage of teachers with intermediate and above intermediate non-pedagogical qualifications, hoteling high school, public
    Egypt - 2015

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  • Image: 1506525008581ENERGY.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Energy
  • X
    International
    National
    The energy sector, which consists of all the activities involved in the production, transformation and sale of energy, including the petroleum, gas, electricity, coal, nuclear power, and renewable energy industries, is one of the main drivers of socio-economic development. In other words, hydrocarbon resources play an important role in the development and economic growth of countries with large reserves of oil and gas, alongside the rising importance of renewable sources and the increasing efforts to implement the Paris Agreement.
    Renewable energy consumption, percent of total final energy consumption
    Jordan - 2015
    Access to clean fuels and technologies for cooking, percent of population
    Jordan - 2016
    Access to electricity, rural, percent of rural population
    Kuwait - 2018

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  • Image: 1506530417292environement.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Environment
  • X
    International
    National
    The quality of the environment is the basis for socio-economic development. The environment state in the Arab region has been facing critical challenges, as it remains among those most affected by the repercussions of climate change, particularly sea level rise and drought, which also have dire consequences on food security. While certain countries have witnessed progress, others, mainly countries facing political unrest and instability, face critical environmental threats in terms of water management, desertification, air pollution, and biodiversity loss.
    Proportion of population connected to wastewater treatment
    United Arab Emirates - 2007
    Forest area as a proportion of total land area
    Iraq - 2016
    Proportion of local governments that adopt and implement local disaster risk reduction strategies in line with national disaster risk reduction strategies
    Comoros - 2017

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  • Image: 1506524824865icn-topic-gender.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Gender
  • X
    International
    National
    Women in the Arab region make up almost half of the total population. However, and despite the improvements, a deep gender gap continues to hold back the region. Aside from the life expectancy and education attainment, men outpace women in nearly all human development sectors, including labor market participation, political participation, economic empowerment, and access to justice.
    Seats held by women in national parliaments
    Morocco - 2017
    Seats held by women in national parliaments
    Somalia - 2019
    Firms with female participation in ownership, percent of firms
    Yemen - 2013

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  • Image: 1552483726704icn-topic-governance.svgImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Governance
  • X
    International
    National
    The mechanisms, processes and institutions through which resources are managed and delivered largely affect the outcome of national sustainable development plans at many levels. It is difficult to offer an overall assessment of the status of good governance for the Arab region, but different measurement initiatives by various credible institutions contribute to shedding light on economic and corporate governance.
    Percentage of firms expected to give gifts to get a water connection
    Lebanon - 2013
    Bribery rate
    Libya - 2013
    Positive public opinion about the current government’s performance in addressing educational needs
    Jordan - 2016

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  • Image: 1506525038299icn-topic-health.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Health
  • X
    International
    National
    Health is one of the main pillars of development. Societies that suffer from diseases and epidemics cannot progress far in the development process. Better health contributes to well-being, sustainable development and economic growth. While the third goal of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) explicitly focuses on health, there are at least 5 other goals that are health-related.
    The Arab region has achieved remarkable improvement in the health sector as a result of technological innovations and human ingenuity. For instance, life expectancy increased from 47 years in 1960 to 72 years in 2019, compared to a worldwide average life expectancy rising from 50 years in 1960 to 73 years during the same period. Furthermore, under-five mortality rate in the Arab region has significantly decreased from an average of 81.2 per 1000 live births in 1990 to 37 per 1000 in 2017.
    International Health Regulations (IHR) capacity by type of IHR capacity, IHR13
    Djibouti - 2017
    Vaccination coverage, polio, percent of age group 1 year old children, dose 3
    Mauritania - 2018
    Vaccination coverage, BCG, age group 12-23 months
    Comoros - 2012

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  • Image: 1548144655159icn-topic-ICT.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    I C T
  • X
    International
    National
    Information and communications technology is considered a key enabler of economic and social development. Research estimates that during the last seven years (2010-2017), fixed broadband has had a significant impact on the world economy; an increase of 1 percent in fixed broadband penetration yields an increase in 0.08 percent in GDP. Mobile broadband has even proved to have a higher impact; an increase of 1 percent in mobile broadband penetration yields an increase in 0.15 percent in GDP
    Enrolment in programmes having access to electricity, secondary, female
    Palestine - 2012
    Proportion of businesses using the Internet for sending or receiving e-mail, medium enterprises, 50-249 employees
    Qatar - 2015
    Premium basket, cost of 5GB data, percentage of monthly GDP per capita
    Jordan - 2019

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  • Image: 1548154692708icn-topic-labor-new.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Labor and Employment
  • X
    International
    National
    Demographic trends and natural resources have long affected the Arab region’s labor market. With the protracted conflicts that hit the region since 2011, major repercussions have been witnessed in several Arab countries, such as Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, Somalia, Palestine and Lebanon. Recently, more emergent challenges are facing the Arab region resulting from the fluctuating oil prices and Coronavirus outbreak along with different structural challenges in the economies. Despite the widening disparities, the Arab countries continue to share common labor market features and face similar challenges. The challenges that mark the labor market are in general related to low labor force participation, especially among women, high unemployment rates, especially among youth, large but decreasing shares of public sector employment, and high prevalence of informal employment. 
    Unemployment rate by education, read and write
    Lebanon - 2018
    Unemployment distribution by education, secondary and above
    Oman - 2003
    Unemployment distribution by education, basic education/ second level
    Oman - 2010

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  • Image: 1506525083855icn-topic-macroeconomy.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Macroeconomy
  • X
    International
    National
    Macroeconomic performance across the Arab countries tend to diverge between major oil exporting countries in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and other countries in the region, especially those inflicted by conflict. In recent years, heightened social unrest, political uncertainty and violent armed conflicts have contributed to a pronounced deterioration in the macroeconomic performance in a handful of countries including Syria, Iraq, Somalia, Yemen, Libya, Sudan and Palestine, and given that almost 29 million people, equivalent to 7.1 percent of the population, being forcibly displaced in 2017. With the oil price shock in 2014, several countries have had to take measures to maintain fiscal budgets under control, privatize national assets and facilitate private sector development away from the oil industry. However, despite recent modest growth, fiscal deficits are slowly declining, leading to a sharp increase in government debts.
    Inflation, year-on-year percentage change of the consumer price index, annual average
    Iraq - 2017
    General government net lending/borrowing, percentage of GDP
    Saudi Arabia - 2020
    GDP annual growth rate, constant prices
    Mauritania - 2018

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  • Image: 1506524894918icn-topic-poverty.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Poverty
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region witnessed an improvement in its Human Development Index (HDI), from 0.613 in 2000 to 0.699 in 2017, but it remained below the world average of 0.728. Despite this positive overall trend in human development, poverty remains one of the paramount challenges and major impediments to inclusive development in the region, and that’s why “Ending poverty in all its forms everywhere” was considered a top priority in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
    Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line, as a percentage of the population
    Sudan - 2014
    Income share held by highest 20%
    Palestine - 2016
    Population in severe multidimensional poverty
    Palestine - 2014

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  • Image: 1506525107454icn-topic-trade.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Trade
  • X
    International
    National
    Arab countries’ total share of world exports has doubled since 2000, reaching 7% in 2014. Fuel exports, representing the vast majority of exports in the oil-producing countries, amounted to 73% of the region’s merchandise in 2015. When excluding fuel, the Arab region’s non-oil exports made up 2% of the world exports in 2013 up from 1% in 2000.
    Proportion of tariff lines applied to imports with zero-tariff, industrial products
    Comoros - 2018
    Proportion of tariff lines applied to imports with zero-tariff, clothing
    Sudan - 2018
    Non-tariff measures, coverage ratio by measure, quantity
    Mauritania - 2020

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  • Image: 1506525121739icn-topic-water-security.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Water and Food Security
  • X
    International
    National
    In most Arab countries, water has become a critical natural resource. Most countries in the region are classified as arid or semiarid or, receiving less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Renewable water resources per inhabitant reached 736 m3 in 2014, compared to a world average of about 6,000 m3 per inhabitant, placing 13 out of 22 Arab countries in the category of severe water scarcity at less than 500 m3 per capita.
    Food imports, percentage of total merchandise exports, 3-year average
    Djibouti - 2016
    Proportion of population using improved drinking water sources, rural
    Jordan - 2009
    Prevalence of undernourishment
    Egypt - 2015

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  • Image: 1566278091424Icon Youth white-01.pngImage: landing-arrow-top.png
    Youth
  • X
    International
    National
    Adolescents and youth (10-24 years old) in the Arab region currently account for nearly third of the total population. They are the agents of change, who have the potential to build a more prosperous and resilient future for themselves and their communities. Unleashing this potential requires urgent and significant investments to create opportunities for meaningful learning, social engagement and work opportunities, all of which are currently limited, especially for adolescents and youth, including young women, refugees and persons with special needs.
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 20-25
    United Arab Emirates - 2017
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 15-19
    United Arab Emirates - 2017
    Percentage of volunteers, age group 25-30
    United Arab Emirates - 2017

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