• Banking and Finance
  • X
    International
    National
    The banking and financial markets in the Arab Region are one of the fastest growing worldwide. More than 330 Arab banking and financial institutions operate in the Arab region today, with total banking assets amounting to 140% of GDP, or USD 3.4 trillion, total deposits accounting for more than USD 2.2 trillion and total loans reaching USD 1.9 trillion by the end of 2016.
    Bank net interest margin
    Bahrain - 2015
    Lending rate on consumer loans
    Morocco - 2016
    Bank capital to assets ratio
    Algeria - 2016

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  • Demography
  • X
    International
    National
    By 2018, the Arab region was home to 422.7 million inhabitants representing 5.5% of the world’s population and growing by 1.9% in 2018. The three most populous countries in the region are Egypt (99.3 million), Algeria (42 million) and Sudan (41.5 million), while the population in Comoros and Djibouti is less than one million in 2018.
    Age dependency ratio
    Saudi Arabia - 2016
    Child dependency ratio
    Lebanon - 2015
    Rural population, percentage of total population
    Algeria - 2016

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  • Education
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region has registered a remarkable trend of growing gains in educational attainment and more equitable access to formal education since the beginning of the millennium, with impressive progress towards gender parity across all stages of education. Gross primary enrolment reached 98.9% in 2016, up from 90.5% in 2000 and gross tertiary enrollment increased to 73.5% in 2016 up from 61% in 2000. Adult literacy rate also increased from 65% to 75.3% between 2000 and 2016.
    Public spending on education, percentage of government expenditure
    Lebanon - 2013
    Expenditure per student, tertiary, percentage of GDP per capita
    Morocco - 2009
    Drop-out rate
    Jordan - 2015

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  • Energy
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region is one of the world’s richest regions in terms of oil and natural gas resources. According to recent estimates, 42% of the world proven oil reserves and 29% of the world’s proven natural gas reserves are located in the Arab region. Electricity production in the region relies heavily on conventional fuel sources, with a production amounting to 1,050 TWh in 2014, of which only 40 TWh were produced using renewable sources. The electrification rate in 15 Arab countries was above the World average of 85 percent in 2012, with 6 countries reaching 100 percent electrification rate.
    Total subsidy, percentage of GDP
    Libya - 2014
    Subsidization rate
    Libya - 2014
    Subsidization rate
    Kuwait - 2014

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  • Environment
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region comprises one of the largest deserts in the world making up around 18% of the total surface area of the Arab region. The region is characterized by an arid and semi-arid climate. The rapidly growing population and high urbanization rates exert increasing pressures on the available natural resources.
    Proportion of water abstracted, households
    Egypt - 2010
    Proportion of water abstracted, households
    Yemen - 2005
    Proportion of water abstracted, industry
    Qatar - 2005

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  • Gender
  • X
    International
    National
    By 2017, women made up almost half of the total Arab population and 22.6% of the total labor force in the region. With significant improvements made in health and education over the last 15 years, gender-based disparities continue in the labor markets and the political space remains the most challenging for women. 
    Women in ministerial level positions
    Oman - 2016
    Women in ministerial level positions
    Mauritania - 2016
    Women in ministerial level positions
    Jordan - 2016

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  • Health
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region has made a clear progress in a number of health and health-related outcomes. The average life expectancy increased from 58.5 years in 1980 to 71 years in 2015. Under-five mortality has significantly decreased from an average of 81.2 per 1000 live births in 1990 to 38 per 1000 in 2016. 
    Immunization coverage, under one year infants, BCG
    Oman - 2014
    Measles vaccination coverage, percent of children ages 12-23 months
    Kuwait - 2014
    Prevalence of insufficient physical activity among adults aged 18+
    Egypt - 2010

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  • Labor and Employment
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab countries share common labor market features and challenges. The labor force participation rate in the region is the lowest worldwide at 48.6 % in 2017, with highest rates observed in the GCC countries. The unemployment rate in the Arab region remains one of the highest in the world registering 10.2% in 2017 compared to 5.7% worldwide. This rate is especially high among youth at 26.7% in 2017.
    Employment distribution by economic activity, transport and communications
    Yemen - 2006
    Employment distribution, age group 65+
    Syria - 2016
    Unemployment rate, age group 25-29
    Saudi Arabia - 2016

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  • Macroeconomy
  • X
    International
    National
    Macroeconomic performance tends to diverge across the Arab countries between major oil and natural gas exporting countries and other countries in the region, such as those plagued by protracted crises. For the Arab region, as a whole, the GDP (Purchasing Power Parity, constant 2011 prices) leveled at Int$ 6,302.6 billion in 2016, constituting 5.6% of the world’s GDP.
    Total government expenditures, percentage of GDP
    Morocco - 2018
    Cash surplus/deficit, percentage of GDP
    Algeria - 2011
    Inflation, year-on-year percentage change of the consumer price index, annual average
    Yemen - 2013

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  • Poverty
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region witnessed an improvement in its Human Development Index (HDI), from 0.613 in 2000 to 0.699 in 2017, but it remained below the world average of 0.728. Despite this positive overall trend in human development, poverty remains one of the paramount challenges and major impediments to inclusive development in the region, and that’s why “Ending poverty in all its forms everywhere” was considered a top priority in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
    Poverty gap at national poverty line, urban
    Palestine - 2011
    Extreme poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line, as a percentage of the population, rural
    Tunisia - 2015
    Poverty gap at national poverty line
    Sudan - 2009

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  • Trade
  • X
    International
    National
    Arab countries’ total share of world exports has doubled since 2000, reaching 7% in 2014. Fuel exports, representing the vast majority of exports in the oil-producing countries, amounted to 73% of the region’s merchandise in 2015. When excluding fuel, the Arab region’s non-oil exports made up 2% of the world exports in 2013 up from 1% in 2000.
    Manufactures imports, percentage of merchandise imports
    Libya - 2010
    Fuel imports, percentage of merchandise imports
    Qatar - 2015
    Manufactures exports, percentage of merchandise exports
    United Arab Emirates - 2014

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  • Water and Food Security
  • X
    International
    National
    In most Arab countries, water has become a critical natural resource. Most countries in the region are classified as arid or semiarid or, receiving less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Renewable water resources per inhabitant reached 736 m3 in 2014, compared to a world average of about 6,000 m3 per inhabitant, placing 13 out of 22 Arab countries in the category of severe water scarcity at less than 500 m3 per capita.
    Municipal water withdrawal, percentage of total withdrawal
    Algeria - 2012
    Irrigated agricultural land, percentage of agricultural land
    Syria - 2013
    Municipal water withdrawal, percentage of total withdrawal
    Djibouti - 2000

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