• Banking and Finance
  • X
    International
    National
    The banking and financial markets in the Arab Region are one of the fastest growing worldwide. More than 330 Arab banking and financial institutions operate in the Arab region today, with total banking assets amounting to 134% of GDP, or USD 3.3 trillion, total deposits accounting for more than USD 2 trillion and total loans reaching USD 1.8 trillion by the end of 2016.
    Weighted average interest rate on 3 months time deposits
    Qatar - 2016
    Weighted average interest rate on deposits in usd
    Palestine - 2017
    Weighted average interest rate on discount and loans in local currency at commercial banks
    Lebanon - 2016

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  • Demography
  • X
    International
    National
    By 2016, the Arab region was home to 406.4 million inhabitants representing 5.4% of the world’s population and growing by 2% in 2016. The two most populous countries in the region are Egypt (93.7 million) and Sudan (38.6 million), while the population in Comoros and Djibouti is less than one million in 2015.
    Rural population, percentage of total population
    Morocco - 2016
    Urban population, percentage of total population
    Somalia - 2016
    Rate of natural population increase
    Jordan - 2014

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  • Education
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region has registered a remarkable trend of growing gains in educational attainment and more equitable access to formal education since the beginning of the millennium, with impressive progress towards gender parity across all stages of education. Gross primary enrolment reached 100% in 2015, up from 89.8% in 1999 and gross tertiary enrollment increased by 72.2% between 1999 and 2015. Adult literacy rate also increased by 28.9% between 1999 and 2015.
    Lower secondary completion rate
    Egypt - 2014
    Public spending on education, percentage of government expenditure
    Comoros - 2015
    Gross enrollment ratio, secondary, male
    Egypt - 2015

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  • Energy
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region is one of the world’s richest regions in terms of oil and natural gas resources. According to recent estimates, 42% of the world proven oil reserves and 29% of the world’s proven natural gas reserves are located in the Arab region. Electricity production in the region relies heavily on conventional fuel sources, with a production amounting to 1,050 TWh in 2014, of which only 40 TWh were produced using renewable sources. The electrification rate in 15 Arab countries was above the World average of 85 percent in 2012, with 6 countries reaching 100 percent electrification rate.
    Subsidization rate
    Libya - 2014
    Subsidization rate
    Bahrain - 2014
    Total subsidy, percentage of GDP
    Algeria - 2014

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  • Environment
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region comprises one of the largest deserts in the world making up around 18% of the total surface area of the Arab region. The region is characterized by an arid and semi-arid climate. The rapidly growing population and high urbanization rates exert increasing pressures on the available natural resources.
    Proportion of water abstracted, agriculture
    Palestine - 2005
    Proportion of water abstracted, agriculture
    Syria - 2005
    Proportion of water abstracted, households
    Yemen - 2005

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  • Gender
  • X
    International
    National
    By 2016, women made up 48.2% of the total Arab population and 21.7% of the total labor force in the region. With significant improvements made in health and education over the last 15 years, gender-based disparities continue in the labor markets and the political space remains the most challenging for women. 
    Seats held by women in national parliaments
    Syria - 2016
    Seats held by women in national parliaments
    Djibouti - 2016
    Seats held by women in national parliaments
    Jordan - 2014

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  • Health
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region has made a clear progress in a number of health and health-related outcomes. The average life expectancy increased from 58.5 years in 1980 to 71 years in 2015. Child mortality has significantly decreased from an average of 131.9 per 1000 live births in 1980 to 36.8 per 1000 in 2015. 
    Current tobacco users, male
    Qatar - 2013
    Prevalence of anemia, percentage of pregnant women
    Oman - 2016
    Smoking prevalence among adults, percent of adults, female
    Saudi Arabia - 2012

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  • Labor and Employment
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab countries share common labor market features and challenges. The labor force participation rate in the region is the lowest worldwide at 49.8% in 2016, with highest rates observed in the GCC countries. The unemployment rate in the Arab region remains one of the highest in the world registering 11.4% in 2016 compared to 5.8% worldwide. This rate is especially high among youth at 28.4% in 2016. 
    Employment distribution by economic activity, construction
    Algeria - 2017
    Employment distribution by education, nationals, intermediate diploma
    Jordan - 2016
    Employment distribution by sector, private
    Syria - 2011

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  • Macroeconomy
  • X
    International
    National
    Macroeconomic performance tends to diverge across the Arab countries between major oil and natural gas exporting countries and other countries in the region, such as those plagued by protracted crises. For the Arab region, as a whole, the GDP (Purchasing Power Parity, constant 2011 prices) leveled at Int$ 6,298 billion in 2015, constituting 5.6% of the world’s GDP.
    Inflation, year-on-year percentage change of the consumer price index, annual average
    Mauritania - 2015
    Agriculture, gross value added, percentage of GDP
    Yemen - 2016
    General government gross debt, percentage of GDP
    Yemen - 2018

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  • Poverty
  • X
    International
    National
    The Arab region witnessed an improvement in its Human Development Index (HDI), from 0.613 in 2000 to 0.687 in 2015, but it remained below the world average of 0.717. Despite this positive overall trend in human development, poverty remains one of the paramount challenges and major impediments to inclusive development in the region, and that’s why “Ending poverty in all its forms everywhere” was considered a top priority in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
    Poverty gap, using the equivalent consumption, nationals
    Qatar - 2013
    Poverty gap at $3.20 a day, 2011 PPP, percentage of population
    Sudan - 2009
    Poverty gap at national poverty line, urban
    Morocco - 2007

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  • Trade
  • X
    International
    National
    Arab countries’ total share of world exports has doubled since 2000, reaching 7% in 2013. Fuel exports, representing the vast majority of exports in the oil-producing countries, amounted to 73.3% of the region’s merchandise in 2015. When excluding fuel, the Arab region’s non-oil exports made up 2% of the world exports in 2013 up from 1% in 2000.
    High-technology exports, percentage of manufactured exports
    Morocco - 2016
    Manufactures exports, percentage of merchandise exports
    Morocco - 2016
    ICT service exports, percentage of service exports, BoP
    Egypt - 2016

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  • Water and Food Security
  • X
    International
    National
    In most Arab countries, water has become a critical natural resource. Most countries in the region are classified as arid or semiarid or, receiving less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Renewable water resources per inhabitant reached 650 m3 in 2014, compared to a world average of about 6,000 m3 per inhabitant, placing 13 out of 22 Arab countries in the category of severe water scarcity at less than 500 m3 per capita.
    Municipal water withdrawal, percentage of total withdrawal
    Algeria - 2012
    Open defecation, percentage of population
    Syria - 2015
    Municipal water withdrawal, percentage of total withdrawal
    Saudi Arabia - 2006

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