The banking and financial markets in the Arab Region are one of the fastest growing worldwide. More than 330 Arab banking and financial institutions operate in the Arab region today, with total banking assets amounting to 140% of GDP, or USD 3.4 trillion, total deposits accounting for more than USD 2.2 trillion and total loans reaching USD 1.9 trillion by the end of 2016.
Bank return on equity, after tax Jordan - 2016
Domestic credit to private sector by banks, percentage of GDP Morocco - 2018
By 2018, the Arab region was home to 422.7 million inhabitants representing 5.5% of the world’s population and growing by 1.9% in 2018. The three most populous countries in the region are Egypt (99.3 million), Algeria (42 million) and Sudan (41.5 million), while the population in Comoros and Djibouti is less than one million in 2018.
Net migration rate Kuwait - 2020
Urban population growth, five years Comoros - 2015
Urbanization rate, five years United Arab Emirates - 2015
The Arab region has registered a remarkable trend of growing gains in educational attainment and more equitable access to formal education since the beginning of the millennium, with impressive progress towards gender parity across all stages of education. Gross primary enrolment reached 98.9% in 2016, up from 90.5% in 2000 and gross tertiary enrollment increased to 73.5% in 2016 up from 61% in 2000. Adult literacy rate also increased from 65% to 75.3% between 2000 and 2016.
Proportion of children under 5 years of age who are developmentally on track in health Tunisia - 2012
Net enrollment rate, primary, private Jordan - 2017
Proportion of students at the end of primary education achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics, rural areas Mauritania - 2003
The Arab region is one of the world’s richest regions in terms of oil and natural gas resources. According to recent estimates, 42% of the world proven oil reserves and 29% of the world’s proven natural gas reserves are located in the Arab region. Electricity production in the region relies heavily on conventional fuel sources, with a production amounting to 1,050 TWh in 2014, of which only 40 TWh were produced using renewable sources. The electrification rate in 15 Arab countries was above the World average of 85 percent in 2012, with 6 countries reaching 100 percent electrification rate.
The Arab region comprises one of the largest deserts in the world making up around 18% of the total surface area of the Arab region. The region is characterized by an arid and semi-arid climate. The rapidly growing population and high urbanization rates exert increasing pressures on the available natural resources.
Renewable energy consumption, percent of total final energy consumption Somalia - 2015
Proportion of forest area with a long-term management plan Tunisia - 2010
Compliance with the Stockholm Convention on hazardous waste and other chemicals Comoros - 2015
By 2017, women made up almost half of the total Arab population and 22.6% of the total labor force in the region. With significant improvements made in health and education over the last 15 years, gender-based disparities continue in the labor markets and the political space remains the most challenging for women.
Female share of employment in managerial positions, total management Saudi Arabia - 2018
Female share of employment in managerial positions, senior and middle management Tunisia - 2010
Female share of employment in managerial positions, total management Oman - 2016
Some Arab countries have made intense efforts to make their economies more open and to improve their level of competitiveness, such as the United Arab Emirates which ranked 17th, the highest in the region, among 137 countries on the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) in 2017-18, followed by Qatar, ranking 25th.
Positive public opinion about the current government’s performance in creating employment opportunities Libya - 2013
Positive public opinion on current economic situation Lebanon - 2016
Percentage of people who think that tax officials and ministry of finance officials are involved in corruption Lebanon - 2016
The Arab region has made a clear progress in a number of health and health-related outcomes. The average life expectancy increased from 58.5 years in 1980 to 71 years in 2015. Under-fivemortality has significantly decreased from an average of 81.2 per 1000 live births in 1990 to 38 per 1000 in 2016.
Domestic general government health expenditure as a percentage of current health expenditure Tunisia - 2016
Polio Pol3 vaccination coverage, percent of one-year-old children Lebanon - 2017
Proportion of population spending more than 10 percent of household consumption or income on out-of-pocket health care expenditure Egypt - 2012
Mobile-cellular subscriptions have been substituting fixed-telephone subscriptions in the Arab region. The former has increased by around 40% between 2010 and 2018 reaching a penetration rate of 103.1% in 2018, whereas fixed-telephone subscriptions have dropped by 7% during the same period reaching a penetration rate of 7.7% in 2018. The percentage of individuals (% of total population) using the internet in the Arab Region has more than doubled in 2018 at 54.7% up from 24% in 2010, with wide variations between the different Arab countries.
Educational institutions with Internet-assisted instruction
(IAI), primary Qatar - 2012
Proportion of businesses using the Internet by mobile broadband access, Agriculture, forestry and fishing Egypt - 2016
Telecommunications revenue, percentage of GDP Comoros - 2014
The Arab countries share common labor market features and challenges. The labor force participation rate in the region is the lowest worldwide at 48.6 % in 2017, with highest rates observed in the GCC countries. The unemployment rate in the Arab region remains one of the highest in the world registering 10.2% in 2017 compared to 5.7% worldwide. This rate is especially high among youth at 26.7% in 2017.
Employment rate, age group 40-44 Somalia - 2014
Unemployment distribution by duration of unemployment, nationals, more than 25 months Jordan - 2016
Employment distribution by education, preparatory Morocco - 2016
Macroeconomic performance tends to diverge across the Arab countries between major oil and natural gas exporting countries and other countries in the region, such as those plagued by protracted crises. For the Arab region, as a whole, the GDP (Purchasing Power Parity, constant 2011 prices) leveled at Int$ 6,302.6 billion in 2016, constituting 5.6% of the world’s GDP.
Gross domestic savings, percentage of GDP Oman - 2018
GDP annual growth rate, constant prices Kuwait - 2017
The Arab region witnessed an improvement in its Human Development Index (HDI), from 0.613 in 2000 to 0.699 in 2017, but it remained below the world average of 0.728. Despite this positive overall trend in human development, poverty remains one of the paramount challenges and major impediments to inclusive development in the region, and that’s why “Ending poverty in all its forms everywhere” was considered a top priority in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Population in severe multidimensional poverty Jordan - 2012
Poverty headcount ratio at $1.90 a day, 2011 PPP, as a percentage of the population Jordan - 2010
Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty line, as a percentage of the population, urban Iraq - 2012
Arab countries’ total share of world exports has doubled since 2000, reaching 7% in 2014. Fuel exports, representing the vast majority of exports in the oil-producing countries, amounted to 73% of the region’s merchandise in 2015. When excluding fuel, the Arab region’s non-oil exports made up 2% of the world exports in 2013 up from 1% in 2000.
Imports, manufactures, percentage of merchandise imports Djibouti - 2009
Imports, fuel, percentage of merchandise imports undefined - 2016
Imports, food, percentage of merchandise imports Yemen - 2015
In most Arab countries, water has become a critical natural resource. Most countries in the region are classified as arid or semiarid or, receiving less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Renewable water resources per inhabitant reached 736 m3 in 2014, compared to a world average of about 6,000 m3 per inhabitant, placing 13 out of 22 Arab countries in the category of severe water scarcity at less than 500 m3 per capita.
Agricultural water withdrawal, percentage of total withdrawal United Arab Emirates - 2005
Agricultural water withdrawal, percentage of total withdrawal Comoros - 1999
Degree of integrated water resources management implementation, medium low Sudan - 2017
Adolescents and youth, 10-24 years old, in the Arab region currently account for nearly third of the total population. The region has experienced remarkable advances in education since year 2000. Secondary gross enrolment increased to 74.2 percent in 2017, up from 61.0 percent in 2000, and gross tertiary enrolment reached 32.4 percent, up from 18.5 percent in 2000.
While adolescents and youth in the region were able to improve their levels of education, many economies in the region fail to absorb new entrants to the labor market. Youth unemployment rate in the region is the highest in the world, at 25.7 percent, ranging from 0.6 percent in Qatar to 45.9 percent in Palestine.
Percentage of volunteers, age group 15-19 United Arab Emirates - 2017
Percentage of volunteers, age group 25-30 United Arab Emirates - 2017
Percentage of volunteers, age group 20-25 United Arab Emirates - 2017